At the Toyotetsu plant in Simcoe Ont Canada workers stamp the metal frame parts for cars such as the RAV4 Corolla and Lexus

At the Toyotetsu plant in Simcoe, Ont., Canada, workers stamp the metal frame parts for cars such as the RAV4, Corolla and Lexus.

A Better Idea for the Automotive Supply Chain: U-Shaped Cells

Combining material flow and cellular techniques is becoming a popular approach in automotive manufacturing.

Henry Ford revolutionized manufacturing with his invention of the assembly line. Prior to 1913, Ford and virtually every other automaker assembled whole cars at a station with a team of employees working together to complete a single vehicle, usually from start to finish. Ford had been trying to increase his factories' productivity for building the Model T to meet his ideal of building his "motor car for the great multitude." The cost of the first Model T was set at $850, which is $21

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