Nearly half (45%) of supply chain professionals recently surveyed by global logistics firm BDP International and its Centrx consulting unit say they are supporting their internal regulatory compliance departments with external resources, especially those with under $1 billion in annual revenues and those doing business in emerging markets.
Growing global concern over environmental and safety issues is spinning a global web of trade and security programs that impact both importers and exporters, and both products and their movement. Compliance with new regulations such as the EU REACH and U.S. Importer’s Security Filing 10+2 programs can be complex and costly. To better understand how companies are dealing with these issues, BDP and Centrx surveyed 184 logistics executives from a range of industries.
The need for compliance services, it was found, is most pronounced in emerging markets. Respondents conducting business in Asia-Pacific indicate they outsource the entire compliance function. Moreover 60% of the respondents trading in Asia-Pacific cite a growing need for such services over the next 12 to 18 months, compared with 53% in North America and 50% in Europe. Compare these results with the 80% of respondents who staff and administer the compliance function internally for North America.
“It was not surprising to find that the larger companies with more resources were more inclined to handle compliance matters themselves, particularly on their home turf,” explains Michael Ford, BDP’s vice president of regulatory compliance. “Nor was it surprising to see even these companies relying on local expertise in places like Africa and Asia. What is notable, however, is the degree to which they all recognize the need to proactively manage the function to minimize often highly punitive penalties and maintain desk-level productivity.”
The survey suggests that companies typically deal with product-related regulations—such as registration, labeling and marked—themselves, while outsourcing compliance with those associated with its movement.
With regard to use of outside compliance services, respondents split fairly evenly between those who retain the function fully in-house (43%) and those who outsource at least a portion of it (45%). Only 12% indicate they outsource the entire function.
More than half (51%) of respondents from companies with annual revenues up to $1 billion say they outsource at least a portion of the compliance function, with a third (32%) retaining the function in-house and just 17% outsourcing it entirely. This compares with 38% of respondents from billion-dollar-plus companies who report outsourcing part of the compliance function; 58% who retain it fully in house; and just 4% who outsource it entirely.
Over half of all respondents report employing two to eight full-time staff in the compliance function. Only 5% of the respondents with in-house compliance departments reported staff reductions over the past two years, whereas 45% reported additions. During the same period, respondents outsourcing the entire function reported increased usage of these services, compared with 44% who use a combined in-house/outsourced model.
Compliance responsibilities depend largely upon the products being moved and the expertise of the compliance team. Nearly half of the respondents from the petroleum, electronics and textile industries who partially outsource compliance rely on their service providers for assistance with government reporting and product registrations. Those in the agricultural sector, in contrast, tend to handle these responsibilities in-house.
Nearly all of the respondents see a continued increase in the need for compliance services, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region (60%). Nearly a third (30%) indicate an increased need for such services in the Middle East and South America as well. Just 7% of respondents see the need for more compliance services for European imports, compared with 27% for North America. However, half of those exporting to these markets anticipate near-term growth in these services. Asia-Pacific, on the other hand, anticipates greater growth in imports (50%) than exports (37%), reflecting perhaps the region's growing consumerism.
Interestingly, over half of the respondents from billion-dollar-plus companies see a growing need for compliance services in North America, and 75% of those in metals and minerals see greater demand in Asia-Pacific.
When queried about where they expect to secure compliance support in the future, nearly 80% (77%) indicate in-house resources, but fully 65% note they will also work with freight forwarding/customs brokerage firms.
“Today more than ever it is critical for global traders to understand the vagaries of the regulatory landscape and the speed with which it is changing,” Ford notes. “Going forward, the challenge will be staying ahead of the regulatory curve with its growing trade, security and environmental rules.”