Import cargo volumes at the nation’s major retail container ports are expected to rise 8% this month over the same time last year as West Coast ports continue to recover from a backlog of cargo that built up before a tentative new labor agreement was signed, according to the monthly Global Port Tracker report from the National Retail Federation and Hackett Associates.
“Progress is being made but there’s still a lot of cargo waiting to be loaded onto trucks and trains and moved across the country even after it’s unloaded from the ships,” says Jonathan Gold, NRF’s vice president for supply chain and customs policy. “The situation is getting better but we’re still far from normal.”
The Pacific Maritime Association and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union tentatively agreed on a five-year contract in February. While ILWU leadership has recommended that members vote for ratification, votes won’t be counted until May 22. The lack of a contract and operational issues led to crisis-level congestion at the ports after the previous agreement expired last July, and issues were not resolved until a federal mediator and Labor Secretary Tom Perez joined the talks.
Ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 1.2 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) in February, the latest month for which after-the-fact numbers are available and historically the slowest month of the year. That was down 10.3% from January and down 3.6% from February 2014. One TEU is one 20-foot-long cargo container or its equivalent.
March was estimated at 1.48 million TEUs, up 13.5% from 2014. April is forecast at 1.55 million TEUs, up 8% from last year; May at 1.57 million TEUs, up 5.6%; June at 1.54 million TEUs, up 4.3%; July at 1.58 million TEUs, up 5.6%, and August at 1.61 million TEUs, up 5.7%.
The first half of 2015 is forecast at 8.6 million TEUs, an increase of 3% over the same period last year.
“The disruption on the West Coast appears to be over and great measures are being taken to clear the backlog of ships sitting offshore,” says Ben Hackett, founder of consulting firm Hackett Associates. “Of course, all those ships being discharged are causing landside issues as workers try to get containers out of the terminal gates and onto trucks and rail.”
Global Port Tracker covers the U.S. ports of Los Angeles/Long Beach, Oakland, Seattle and Tacoma on the West Coast; New York/New Jersey, Hampton Roads, Charleston, Savannah, Port Everglades and Miami on the East Coast, and Houston on the Gulf Coast.