Most SMEs Are Burdened by Supply Chain Delays

Sept. 23, 2010
Raw material costs and supply chain costs are causing uncertainty at many small and midsized enterprises, who are still wrestling with the effects of the recession

The sense of confidence which returned to small and midsized enterprises (SMEs) at the beginning of the year is giving way to some uncertainty mid-year, in terms of expectations for revenue and customer demand, according to a study conducted by Prime Advantage, a buying consortium for midsized industrial manufacturers.

Among the highlights of the survey findings, 36% of respondents expect revenues to increase for the second half of 2010, which is nearly identical to the survey results from 12 months ago, when 37% of respondents predicted that revenues would increase for the remainder of 2009. Eighteen percent predict revenues will decrease over the next six months, compared to 11% in previous survey, which was conducted in February 2010.

The latest survey data was collected in August from 53 representatives of industrial manufacturing companies, including business owners, vice presidents of procurement and senior purchasing professionals. The survey polled respondents on their projections for the next six months of the year, often in comparison to the past six months.

“While it seems that the boost enjoyed from inventory replenishment efforts is close to ending, small and midsized manufacturers will continue to be challenged by the ability to carefully manage customer demand, and then match that with throughput and hiring decisions,” says Louise O’Sullivan, president and founder of Prime Advantage.

Forty-five percent of respondents expect revenues to stay the same for the second half of 2010, a slight uptick from February’s survey when 43% estimated no new growth in the immediate future, but still well off the 2009 mid-year, when 55% predicted no new growth. Also, 20% predicted a decrease in capital spending from the first half of 2010.

Capital spending expectations also declined slightly, with a still healthy 31% of respondents predicting an increase from the first half of 2010. In February, 34% of respondents predicted an increase from 2009 spending levels. Yet a sense of optimism is still clearly present among small and midsized industrial manufacturers as compared to last year, when just 14% predicted an increase in capital spending over the levels set in the first half of 2009, and 31% predicted a decrease in spending from 2009 levels.

Top sourcing concerns for 2010 are the ability to manage costs of raw materials, with 63% in agreement, followed by the costs of components, with 45% in agreement. This is a departure from the past two surveys, when at least 36% of manufacturers cited the ability to focus on business process issues, such as cost savings and efficiency measurement.

Several new questions were added to the survey, including questions about supply chain disruptions and delays in supply networks over the past six months. Forty-nine percent of respondents indicated that they had experienced supply chain disruptions since the beginning of 2010, while 78% said they had experienced some type of increase in lead times from their supply networks and 40% agreed that they had experienced at least two-week increases in lead times from suppliers over the past six months.

Prime Advantage members were also asked whether passage of the recent Miscellaneous Tariff Bill, which is designed to temporarily suspend or reduce tariffs and duties on a number of imported raw materials, was important to their companies. Forty-one percent responded that it was somewhat important, while 57 percent said it does not help their companies.

Asked to look at their own employment projections for the next six months, 62% of respondents indicated that employment would stay the same as the first half of 2010, while 32% indicated that they expect more hiring in 2010. Just six percent indicated that they were planning layoffs by year-end.

As with previous surveys, raw material costs (such as metals and plastics) remain the top cost pressure concern, as cited by 51%, an increase from 36% n February. However, this number is still below earlier surveys, when 53% (September 2009), 67% (February 2009) and 93% (July 2008) mentioned it as the top cost pressure concern.

Logistics and supply chain costs were cited as the second greatest concern, at 24%, followed by health care costs, at 14%.

Also, while 78% of respondents reported that their own organizations had not been affected by the cost or availability of credit, the same percentage said that their customers had been either somewhat (55% ) or very much (22%) affected by the cost or availability of credit.

For the first time, Prime Advantage asked its members whether their companies would bring any offshore manufacturing back to North America, either domestically or to Mexico, in the near future. Just eight percent said they were either migrating plants back to the U.S. or Mexico, or else considering the move in the next 12-24 months. Thirty-one percent said they were adding more offshore plants, while 61% said they intended to maintain domestic manufacturing capabilities.

Forty-eight percent of respondents indicated that they did not plan to change their current supply chain information management processes within the next 12 months, while 42% said they were unaware of any “cloud”-based, or Internet-based, technology solutions they could consider as an alternative to their current solutions.

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