The U.S. Department of Labor has ordered Union Pacific Railroad Co. (UP), headquartered in Omaha, to pay a total of $400,000 in punitive damages, $90,315 in compensatory damages, $34,900 in attorney fees and more than $90,000 in back wages to three employees. Separate investigations by the Kansas City, Mo., and San Francisco, Calif., offices of the department's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) determined that UP violated the whistleblower protection provisions of the Federal Railroad Safety Act (FRSA) by terminating two employees and suspending one in retaliation for reporting workplace safety concerns and a work-related injury.
“Workers have the right to report work-related injuries and safety concerns without fear of retaliation,” says David Michaels, Assistant Secretary for OSHA. “Union Pacific Railroad has created a climate of fear instead of a climate of safety. The company must take immediate steps to change this unacceptable pattern of retaliation.”
A Kansas City, Mo.-based UP conductor was terminated from employment in September 2010, according to OSHA, after making repeated complaints to the company's hotline about safety concerns, such as fall and trip hazards, missing and obstructed roadway signs, and various right-of-way issues, and for noting that a supervisor violated safety procedures during a field test. The railroad also cited the conductor for having a tattoo that it deemed as creating a hostile work environment. The conductor received the tattoo, which commemorates his military service, prior to beginning his employment with the company in 2004.
OSHA ordered that the conductor be reinstated to his position and receive punitive damages of $150,000, attorney fees of $11,925, compensatory damages of $10,258.51 and biweekly back wages in the amount of $3,437.10 covering Sept. 15, 2010, through Jan. 1, 2011, as well as biweekly payments of $3,527.02 retroactive to Jan. 1, 2011, and continuing until a bona fide order of reinstatement is made by UP.
A second Kansas City, Mo.-based conductor was suspended without pay from his job for five days in November 2010 after making several complaints to the company's hotline regarding rough spots on the track. OSHA has ordered that the conductor receive punitive damages of $100,000, attorney fees of $10,725, compensatory damages of $5,056.50 and back wages in the amount of $2,170.79, representing loss of pay from a one-day investigative hearing and the five-day suspension.
The third UP employee, a locomotive engineer based in Tucson, Ariz., was terminated after reporting a workplace injury in August 2009. OSHA has ordered that the 32-year company employee receive $150,000 in punitive damages, $75,000 in compensatory damages and $12,250 in attorney fees.
In addition to requiring payments be made to the affected employees, the department has ordered UP to provide training on whistleblower rights to its managers, supervisors and employees, and to notify employees of their rights to be able to file complaints without fear of retaliation under the FRSA.
This action follows two other orders issued by OSHA to UP in 2010 and 2011, which found that the company had similarly retaliated against other workers for reporting work-related injuries. The railroad operates in 23 states and employs more than 40,000 workers.
OSHA conducted the latest investigations under the whistleblower provisions of the FRSA, as amended by the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007. Railroad carriers are subject to the provisions of the FRSA, which protects employees who report violations of any federal law, rule or regulation relating to railroad safety or security, or who engage in other protected activities. Detailed information on employee whistleblower rights, including fact sheets, is available here.