An analysis of the impacts that emerging e-commerce trends are having on the trucking industry, including the challenges and opportunities that more regionalized retail supply chains and the proliferation of urban “last mile” deliveries, was conducted by the American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI).
“These trends are game-changing, and our industry must adapt quickly to ensure that trucking continues to be the preeminent freight mode,” said Tom Benusa, CIO of Transport America.
The analysis provides background on emerging e-commerce and omni-channel retailing trends and maps the implications of these trends to trucking operations and the industry’s top ten issues.
Key findings in ATRI’s report include:
-- From 1999-2017, e-commerce sales increased from less than 1% of total U.S. retail sales to more than nine percent, reflecting a 3,000% increase in e-commerce sales.
--“Last Mile Fulfillment Centers” represented 73% of the industrial real estate market in 2017, a 15 percentage point increase from the previous year.
--Registrations for single-unit trucks increased by 7.8% between 2007 and 2016 compared to 4.4% growth in combination truck registrations.
--The number of intra-regional and last-mile truck trips has increased while the average length of haul has declined. Average trip lengths have decreased by 37% since 2000, while urban vehicle miles traveled have increased for much of this time period.
-- Intrastate and local hauls for e-commerce could serve as a training opportunity for 18-20-year-old drivers, representing a huge new pool of potential interstate CDL drivers.
--Retailers are becoming more flexible in how they transact with consumers by decentralizing their distribution/fulfillment networks to bring inventory closer to consumers.
-- There were 2,130 fewer department stores and 385,000 fewer jobs at these stores in 2017 compared to 2015; there were 1,937 more courier services operating and just over 85,000 new employees hired in the sector during this time period.