Retail Cargo Traffic Slows at Major U.S. Ports

Import cargo volume at the nation’s major retail container ports is forecast to level off this month at about the same numbers as last year after nearly 18 months of year-over-year gains, and is expected to remain steady into mid-summer before resuming gains, according to the monthly Global Port Tracker report from the National Retail Federation and consulting firm Hackett Associates.

“After nearly a year and a half of volume increases, it’s not surprising to see some leveling off,” says Jonathan Gold, vice president for supply chain and customs policy with NRF. “Retailers are being cautious with how much merchandise they import due to economic pressures such as higher commodity prices, but overall consumer demand remains strong.”

U.S. ports followed by Global Port Tracker handled 1.08 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) in March, a gain of only 0.3% over the same month a year ago. The number was down 2% from February, traditionally the slowest month of the year. While the increase was small, it was the 16th month in a row to show a year-over-year improvement after December 2009 broke a 28-month streak of year-over-year declines. One TEU is one 20-foot cargo container or its equivalent.

April was estimated at 1.18 million TEUs, a more typical increase of 4% over April 2010. But May is forecast at 1.26 million TEUs, a decline of 0.6% from May 2010 – a small drop but the first year-over-year decline since November 2009. June is forecast at 1.31 million TEUs, a decline of 0.1% from a year ago, and July is forecast at 1.38 million TEUs, a decline of 0.4%. Year-over-year increases are expected to resume in August, forecast at 1.46 million TEUs, up 2% from last year, and in September, forecast at 1.49 million TEUs, up 11%.

The first half of 2011 is forecast at 7.1 million TEUs, up 4% from the first half of 2010. Global Port Tracker forecasts only six months beyond actual numbers, so a forecast for the full year is not yet available. Imports during 2010 totaled 14.7 million TEUs, a 16% increase over 2009.

“Consumers are being cautious about their expenditures in light of the higher gasoline costs and rising inflation combined with mixed signals from the economic data,” says Hackett Associates founder Ben Hackett. “Nevertheless, we expect the second half of the year to be more robust than the first half.”

While import numbers are temporarily flat, the Commerce Department recently reported that retail sales increased for the 10th month in a row in April, further evidence that the retail sector and consumer spending continue to lead the economic recovery.

Global Port Tracker, which is produced for NRF by Hackett Associates, covers the U.S. ports of Long Angeles/Long Beach, Oakland, Seattle and Tacoma on the West Coast; New York/New Jersey, Hampton Roads, Charleston and Savannah on the East Coast, and Houston on the Gulf Coast.

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